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 Introduction

The Federal Shariat Court was established by the President’s Order No.1 of 1980 as incorporated in the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 under chapter 3A. The court is a unique institution with no parallel in the entire Muslim world. It is backed by powerful provisions of the Constitution. The preamble to the Constitution explicitly affirms that sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to Almighty Allah alone, and the authority to be exercised by the people of Pakistan within the limits prescribed by Him is a sacred trust. Article 2A lays down that the principles and provisions set out in the Objectives Resolution are a substantive part of the Constitution. Article 227 makes it incumbent that all existing laws shall be brought in conformity with the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), and Chapter 3-A which pertains to the functions and organization of Federal Shariat Court, empowers the court and entrusts the court with the responsibility to examine and decide the question whether or not any law or provision of law is repugnant to the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). Law includes any custom or usage having the force of law but does not include the Constitution, Muslim personal law, any law relating to the procedure of any court or tribunal.

 

 

 
       

 


Administration

Establishment

 Jurisdiction of the Court

Objectives & Functions

Chapter 3-A of 1973  Constitution

 Procedure Rules

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